Georgia is a great country for Russian travelers. A visa is not needed, no English is needed, the climate is mild, people are welcoming, the kitchen and wine are excellent. Plus, the sea, beaches, mountains, ancient culture, relatively low prices and good infrastructure. What is not an ideal place for vacation? Find out where to go and how not to miss all the most interesting things in Georgia!
Tbilisi is a beautiful and atmospheric city. Sights are located quite compact, but scroll for inspection at least two full days to have fun and not to rush at a gallop.
What not to miss in Tbilisi:
- Narikala Fortress and the picturesque Old Town at its foot. You can go up to Narikale on foot, but it is more interesting to go by cable car.
- Abanotubani – sulfur baths, sung by Pushkin. On the opposite bank of the Kura from the baths stands the symbol of Tbilisi – the Metekhi temple.
- The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity (Tsminda Sameba) is the residence of the Patriarch of Georgia. The cathedral is modern and not very expressive, but it’s worth a look during a walk through the old district of Tbilisi – Avlabari.
- Museum of Art and State Museum of Georgia.
If traveling with children, take them by funicular to the amusement park on the top of Mount Mtatsminda. And on Rustaveli Avenue do not miss the funny miniature figurines.
Mtskheta is the ancient capital of Georgia and perhaps the holiest place for Georgians. In the tiny town 20 km from the center of the modern capital there are three UNESCO World Heritage sites at once. Getting to Mtskheta is convenient by bus or taxi.
The main attractions of Mtskheta are the Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, the St. Nino Monastery and the tiny picturesque Jvari Monastery on a high rock at the confluence of the Kura and Aragvi.
On the way back to Tbilisi, be sure to drop by the restaurant “Salobiye”, famous for its khinkali and lobio since Soviet times.
When to go to Georgia
The ideal time to travel to Georgia is May – June and September – October. Spring is green everywhere and flowers in the fields and gardens. Autumn is the season of persimmon, grape, fig and, of course, young wine. In July-August in Georgia, especially in the east, it can be very hot, up to +40 ° C.
You can swim in the Black Sea in Georgia approximately from the beginning of June, when the water is already warm to + 19-21 ° C. In July – August, the water temperature usually fluctuates around +25 ° C, in September – around +23 ° C.
Georgian Military Road
One of the most scenic trails in the post-Soviet space goes from Tbilisi to the foot of Mount Kazbek. In addition to stunning mountain landscapes on the way, you will see the medieval fortress and the temple on the banks of the reservoir in Ananuri, a dramatic gorge near Gudauri and the Cross Pass. If time allows, from Stepantsminda (Kazbegi) rise even higher to the Gergeti church, from where, in good weather, there are beautiful views of Kazbek.
If you rent a car, you can visit Mtskheta in one day, drive along the Georgian Military Road and return to Tbilisi by evening.
Homeland of the most famous Georgian wines, where even road signs proudly read: “Tsinandali”, “Gurdjaani”, “Akhasheni”, “Mukuzani”. You can get to Kakheti from Tbilisi in an hour and, having left in the morning, visit key places and get back to the capital by evening.
In Kakheti it is definitely worth visiting Sighnagi, a lovely town with elegant houses, funny monuments and a wonderful view of the Alazani Valley. If time allows, visit the capital of the region – Telavi town, to the majestic Alaverdi cathedral and the ancient David Garedja cave monastery near the border with Azerbaijan.
Bad attitude towards Russians in Georgia is a myth. You will be met as a mother and surrounded with care, as if you are in the village with your grandmother. Friendly Georgia disposes to acquaintances and communication: do not close yourself up, and the country will reveal itself in all its beauty. To know what to expect, look at the selection of portraits blogger Sergey Prokhorov shot in Georgia.
Gori and Uplistsikhe
Uplistsikhe is perhaps the oldest cave town in Georgia. Labyrinths of tunnels and caves, a river under a rock, a lonely church, a place so fantastic that it looks more like a theme park than a historical landmark. But you can walk everywhere and touch everything with your hands, which the children will definitely appreciate. To Uplistsikhe ride through Gori, where you should look at the museum of Stalin and the ruins of the fortress Gorische.
It is not so easy to get to Vardzia, but this cave monastery from the time of Queen Tamara is much more interesting to Uplistsikhe and definitely worth a long (by Georgian standards) road. A nice bonus is the well-preserved fortress of Khertvisi nearby. On the way from Tbilisi to Vardzia, you can drink directly from the well of the real mineral water Borjomi in the city of the same name and visit the picturesque village of Bakuriani, which in winter turns into a ski resort.
The main attractions of the capital of Imereti are the Bagrati Temple and the Gelati Monastery, which are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Not far from Kutaisi there are two interesting caves – Prometheus Cave and Sataplia. Both are famous for beautifully illuminated stalagmites and stalactites, but Sataplia in Georgia is called nothing less than the “Jurassic Park” – dinosaur footprints are well preserved here.
The best place in Georgia for nature lovers and beautiful landscapes. This remote corner of the country, little known even to the Georgians themselves, is entirely included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, and in recent years has been turning into a star of tourism in Georgia. People come to Svaneti to admire the Svan towers against the background of snowy peaks and mountain rivers, to go hiking and horse trekking and mountaineering (the legendary Soviet mountaineer Mikhail Khergiani comes from these lands). In the plains of Georgia they say that the Svans still have the custom of blood revenge. But these rumors, of course, are outdated by a century or two.
In winter, in the flat part of Georgia, the temperature rarely drops below zero, and at this time it is not so much cold as it is sad. From mid-autumn to early spring many passes are closed: walking and even car trips to remote places will have to be postponed. But if you like skiing, then from mid-December to mid-March in Gudauri and Bakuriani you will find good trails.
There are almost more business centers and hotels of global networks in modern Batumi than in Tbilisi. And this is not surprising: the city is clearly turning into the financial capital of the country, like New York in the USA or Mumbai in India. But with all the gloss and luxury of modernity, the old Batumi neighborhoods have not lost their charm, and the new areas and houses only emphasize it.
It is interesting to go from Batumi to the local botanical garden and to the ancient Roman ruins in Gonio. From here you can continue the journey further – to Turkey.
You can swim in the Black Sea right in Batumi. This is an ideal option to combine a beach holiday with shopping, nightlife and interesting walks: Batumi is a big city where you won’t get bored.
If you want to relax on the sea in a quieter place, take a look at Kobuleti. In this resort village there is a pebble beach and a long, long promenade along the coast: choose the cutest restaurant, order a glass of wine and listen to the surf.
With children they usually go to Ureki: it is believed that the black magnetic sand on the beaches has healing properties. But at the height of the season it is crowded. If you like silence and nature, a good alternative is Shekveteli. There is a coniferous forest, a black sandy beach and few people. But one thing: infrastructure is poorly developed.Read More
Traveling to France by car is a real pleasure! We will tell you about all that is important to know the Russian traveler, who went to this country in his car. Also, this information is useful to those who are going to rent a car to explore this amazing country on their own.
The capital of the French Republic is Paris. The language is French. To the French language, the French are, at least, without enthusiasm and the Russian-French phrasebook definitely does not hurt. Currency – Euro.
Roads in France are considered the best in the world after Singapore. Motorways are really comfortable and very picturesque, and the French are pretty neat drivers. Enough places to relax motorists with free toilets. The fact that these rest areas are often made in places with very beautiful views is also captivating. Toll sections are paid depending on the vehicle category and the distance traveled by it. The tariff is displayed on the board at the entrance to the paid section. You can pay by cash or credit card. Payment may also be subject to travel on some bridges and tunnels. The official site of the french roads is here.
At gas stations, gasoline is paid after refueling. The cost of gasoline in France can be found in the section Gas prices in Europe. By the way, approaching Paris, be prepared for traffic jams …
Roundabout Circulation in France
French roads are unusual for us round the intersections without traffic lights. Circular motion with several exits sometimes makes you nervous – the navigator does not always accurately show the exit. But it is better to make an extra circle than to hurry and go in the wrong direction.
The implicit rule is to enter the circle, to give in to those who are already spinning on it. Although the roundabout in France is of two types. The first type is indicated by the signs Vous n’avez pas la priorit? (you have no priority) or C? dez Le Passage (give way), which states that vehicles moving in a circle have priority. And the second type of roundabout is denoted by the familiar blue sign with white arrows and means the advantage of cars entering the circle and driving according to the “right handicap” principle.
Parking in France
Free parking on the street of the French city is possible, starting from 19-00 and until 9 am, as well as on weekends. Pay for parking in the parking machine, it is usually indicated and the rate. Wrongly parked cars are being evacuated at the expense of the owner of the car.
Finding a parking place in the center of a large French city is very difficult. We observed a colorful picture on the streets of Paris – a mini-machine, traditional for France, bravely shoved other crumpled fellows with its crumpled bumpers to push into a place on the side of the road. So the best way to leave the car in Paris is to quietly go for a walk – specially equipped paid parking (for example, underground) in a shopping center or at any sight (you can right under the Notre Dame Cathedral). Parking in France for more than a day in one place is prohibited. If you need to put the car for a long time, you will need a special parking.
Always check whether you have closed your car and do not leave things in the car!
Important phones in France
- Police – 17
- Firemen – 18
- First Aid – 15
- European emergency number – 112
Features of the Traffic Laws in France:
Traffic regulations in France are similar to European ones. Of course, you need to skip pedestrians at crossings. Pedestrians have an advantage throughout Europe and without hesitation enjoy this right, so beware!
At roundabouts, in front of which are signs Vous n’avez pas la priorit? (you have no priority) or C? dez Le Passage (give way), vehicles moving in a circle have priority. If these signs are not present, the cars entering this intersection have priority.
Speed ( unless signs prescribe otherwise)
In the inhabited locality – 50 km / h, outside the inhabited locality – 90 km / h, on the highway – 130 km / h. The minimum speed on the motorway is 80 km / h. If the visibility on the road is less than 50 m, then the maximum speed should not exceed 50 km / h!
Disposable breathalyzerAliable blood alcohol level – 0.5 ppm. According to the new rules, drivers must have a disposable breathalyzer in the car. From March 1, 2013, a penalty of 11 euros will be charged for his absence. Breathalyzer must be French. You can buy it at a gas station at the entrance to the country (they are also sold in pharmacies and supermarkets). Cost – from 2 to 5 euros.
Low beam during the day is obligatory in conditions of insufficient visibility and when passing through tunnels. It is recommended to use dipped headlights around the clock for all-wheel drive vehicles.
Be sure to wear seat belts, including in the back seat! Children under 10 years old are not allowed to be in the front seats. They can travel only in the back and in special car seats. Children weighing up to 13 kg must be transported with their backs in the direction of travel.
It is forbidden to use the phone without a Handsfree device.
The fine may be paid to the police officer who issued the receipt.
- Warning triangle.
- The use and even transportation of anti-radar is prohibited.
- The radar positioning function in the navigator must be disabled.
- Reflective vest (required when leaving the car when stopping on the carriageway or curb in poor visibility or at night).
- Disposable French breathalyzer.
- Winter tires are required from November 1 to March 31.
- Studded tires are allowed from November 10 to March 31.
- Spare bulbs are highly recommended.
Car route to France
We recommend the route to France from Moscow through Belarus, Poland and Germany with three stops for the night: in Warsaw, after crossing the Belarusian-Polish border, Berlin (or Potsdam) and in Cologne (or Dusseldorf). Thus, the trip to Paris will take four very bright days (approximately 2900 km and 31 hours on the road). France is also included in many of our routes. In Paris or Nancy – the route for autotravel in Europe №1. And if you want to visit the mountain resorts, such as Annecy or the fabulous Cote d’Azur of France, to enjoy a beach holiday, such as Saint-Tropez or Monte-Carlo, choose the European Automobile Route No. 2 …
Find and book a suitable hotel with parking in any city in France for the best price deals using the well-known online service booking.com (booking confirmation, even with the possibility of free cancellation, is accepted by the French visa center when you apply for a Schengen visa for autotravel)
Shopping lovers in the Outlets section of France can find addresses and coordinates for the navigator of the best outlets in the country. How to return the tax after purchases in France – in the article Return Tax Free in Europe.Read More
Everything what a motorist needs to know about Italy
Of course, you can go to Italy in your car, but we still advise you not to waste precious time on vacation and rent a car in Italy to see this country and visit small non-tourist cities.
Prices for car rental in Italy start from 35 EUR per day for an economy class car. We advise you to rent a car in Italy in large companies, because small ones are often unscrupulous and can “hang” old car damage on you.
Terms of car rental in Italy:
- The driver must present a passport, driver’s license of the European sample and a credit card in his name.
- The minimum age of a driver for car rental in Italy is 25 years old (if you are 18-24 years old you can use the service “Young driver”, for which you will have to pay extra 15 EUR per day).
- Your driving experience must be at least one year.
- In many large companies at the time of renting a car in Italy, the amount of the deposit will be blocked on your credit card, which will be immediately unblocked subject to the timely return of the car without damage.
- Also, in most cases, you can pay for rental cars only by credit card.
Features of the Traffic Laws in Italy:
- In a circular motion, those on the circle have the advantage.
- Allowable alcohol content in the driver’s blood is 0.5 ppm (about 0.5 liters of beer). Even a slight excess of this norm threatens with a fine of 260 EUR.
- Talking on the phone while driving is prohibited.
- All motorways in Italy are paid. Tariffs and payment methods can be viewed here.
- Speed limits in Italy: 130 km / h – on toll roads, 110 km / h – on roads outside the city, 50 km / h – in populated areas.
- Parking spaces are marked with wide strips of white.
- A mandatory reflective vest is required for all drivers. Violation of even such an insignificant rule may attract fines in Italy.
The cost of a liter of gasoline in Italy does not change as rapidly as we do. Therefore, you can focus on current prices for gasoline in Italy at the time of publication: 95 gasoline – 1.60 EUR, 98 gasoline – 1.75 EUR, diesel – 1.45 EUR. You can refuel both independently and with the help of a gas station worker, who will also offer you to wash the windshield. Gas stations in Italy are comfortable stops along the way, where you can have a snack and drink a cup of Italian coffee. The most popular are gas stations with Autogrill and Finigrill.Read More
The culture of Italy is inextricably linked with wine. Nature had to create this amazing peninsula in the form of a glass to more accurately reflect the essence of ancient Enotria – the country of wine, as ancient Greeks called Italy.
Wise Horace admonished: “Do not plant any other tree, Var, until you plant a vine.”
And his advice was followed everywhere, gentle hills, mountain slopes, plains illuminated by the sun, blown by fresh winds, covered with vineyards throughout the country.
In Italy, there are 20 regions and each of them produces its own wine, which is distinguished by its diversity and dissimilarity, has its own character, sometimes characterized by obstinacy, sometimes tenderness. And how could it be otherwise, if in Italy there are about 400 grape varieties, moreover, everywhere there is a different microclimate, the soils and winemakers love creative approach to wine making.
Wine-making in Italy goes back thousands of years. In the II. BC. The Phoenicians brought to Sicily the noble Vitis Vinifera vine, the “wine-bearing vine.” From here, grapes spread throughout Italy.
The ancient Romans introduced the consumption of wine in the rule, making the wine a real popular drink.
Already at that time there were well-known Italian grape varieties such as Sangiovese and Trebiano, which are still the most common.
Conquering new territories, building cities, the first thing the Romans did was to lay the castrum, pave the way to Rome and plant a vine. Well, do not carry the same wine in the new provinces of Rome! Moreover, the problem of storage and transportation of wine in the ancient world was very serious.
Ancient wine was very different from the modern drink. It was a syrupy, very sweet and strongly alcoholic drink, which was diluted with water and honey and spices were added to achieve a pleasant aroma.
Horace, a great lover of wine, wrote that wine removes anxiety and anxiety, helps to reveal hidden feelings. Seneca echoed him, saying that wine has a beneficial effect on a person, heals from disease and sorrow. But all mentioned moderation in the use of wine.
The ancient Romans, peeping at the idea of the conquered northern barbarians, began to use wooden barrels for storing and transporting wine. Experimentally found that oak barrels are best suited for this purpose due to tannins, in them not only wine is well preserved, but also acquires an additional flavor.
Also, the Romans began to use wooden presses, prototypes of modern. (Such wooden presses can still be found in Champagne).
But with the fall of the Roman Empire, everything changed, and viticulture was in deep crisis. And only in the Middle Ages, thanks to the monks, the situation changed. Wine began to be made in monasteries – wine for the mass, using techniques that were followed up to the XVIII century.
The next stage in the development of winemaking in Italy was the Renaissance, affecting not only culture and art, but also wine production, the center of which moved to Tuscany. In the XIV century. Chianti wine was born, and the Jesuit monks began to produce Nobile di Montepulciano for church services. In the XVIII century. The first classification of wines was carried out: the Duke of Tuscany Cosimo III Medici limited the territory of production of Chianti Classico.
But to talk about the Italian style is still very early, as Italy as a single country does not exist.
Then there was a pan-European misfortune – phylloxera, which destroyed many vineyards. Many French winemakers lost their jobs and began to travel to wine-producing countries, offering their services for little money. And, as you know, France at that time was an advanced country in the field of winemaking. So in the XIX century. There were iconic and iconic Italian wines Barolo and Brunello di Montalcino.
In the 1960s the Italian government made a classification of wines, according to which, Italian wines were divided into four categories:
– Vino da Tavola. Table wines. Simple wines, without specifying the place of vintage.
– IGT (Indicazione Geografica Tipica). Table wines with an indication of the place of growth of grapes.
– DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata). Wines of high category, appellations indicating the place where the grapes were grown and controlled by the state.
– DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita). The top tier of Italian wines, which are not only controlled by territory and are guaranteed for quality.
Since August 2009, a new European classification has entered into force, involving only three levels:
– table wine
– IGP (Indicazione Geografica Protetta)
– DOP (Denominazione di Origine Protetta), which includes former DOC and DOCG.
But Italian law allows the use of old category names, so many manufacturers are in no hurry to switch to new designations.
Italy is now the largest producer and exporter of wine, giving us the opportunity to enjoy wines and travel on wine roads.Read More
Agriculture is an economic and culturally important part of life in Australia. Many Australians are directly and indirectly associated with agriculture. Even for those Australians who are not connected with agriculture, there will still be links with the country’s rural and agrarian-economic history.
A brief overview of the history of agriculture in Australia
In the first few decades after European settlers arrived in Australia, farms developed mainly around early settlements. These farms mainly raised grain crops (wheat) and raised sheep, which were originally brought from Europe.
Agriculture in the 1800s
The government encouraged research and development of new plots of land and provided material support to this cause, and in the 1800s, farmers and settlers gradually began to move inland and occupy vast areas for grazing and growing crops.
The creation of railways from the 1850s greatly facilitated the delivery of products from remote farms to the markets of large cities.
Huge areas, previously overgrown with forests and shrubs have now been cleared for pasture along the coast of Australia and inland.
The dry climate and poor soil of Australia first presented problems for farmers, but they quickly solved this problem, the solution was the production of high-quality wool. Wool has become the cornerstone of Australian agriculture, and Australia, as is often said, “went on the back of the sheep” during the first years of its economic development.
Still, the key problems for farmers in most parts of Australia were drought and the issue of irrigation. After the construction of irrigation systems, new agricultural methods became viable.
In 1900, wool and wheat still dominated Australian agriculture, but cattle rearing was becoming more widespread, helped by a rich market for grains, fruits, and vegetable crops.
First, most of the crops were grown in the Eastern States, but then, Western Australia became the main grain producer by 1905. The production of sugar beet in Queensland and the cultivation of grapes in the Riverline region of New South Wales were also well developed by the beginning of the 20th century.
In 1901, the population census revealed that approximately fourteen percent of the total Australian population is employed in agricultural industries.
Enemies of australian farmers
During World War I, rabbits became the main enemy of Australian farmers. Rabbits spread north from Geelong in Victoria, and seriously reduced the productivity of Australian agriculture. Rabbit control is still the main problem for farmers and the government today.
Australia’s agriculture in the 20th century
In the 20th century, Australian agricultural production grew rapidly and produced a lot of products, which fully satisfied and even exceeded the needs of the Australian population. This increase in production has forced Australia to become one of the top food exporters in the world.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Australian government provided assistance to Vermer and primary producers in order to communicate production, employment and exports. The government also increased duties on certain goods to discourage imports. Despite the enormous damage from the Great Depression and the two world wars, Australian agriculture continued to grow steadily in the first half of the 20th century.
The importance of agriculture in the Australian economy declined by the second half of the 20th century. Only three percent of the country’s population is now hired in agriculture. Government aid was reduced, and wool became a less important and valuable commodity. Farmers were forced to innovate and diversify in order to survive.
Agriculture in Australia today
The Economic Importance of Agriculture in Australia
Agriculture is an important sector of the Australian economy that generates up to $ 39 billion in profits every year.
Australia’s agriculture employs approximately 370,000 people.
Although agricultural production is not as extensive as at its peak in the mid-1970s, farms still occupy about sixty percent of all land in Australia.
Farms in Australia have traditionally been family-owned firms that have passed from generation to generation. However, since the 1950s, international economic factors and changes in agriculture have led to the expediency of organizing large farms, which are more economically viable than small ones. The number of families engaged in farming has decreased, but the average farm size has increased.
Many modern farmers report that they are struggling to make a profit, and some of them have to admit that additional work from the farm adds income to the family budget.
Types of agriculture in Australia
Different types of agriculture are mainly concentrated in the areas that satisfy them best, depending on irrigation suitability and climatic conditions.
Livestock, mainly sheep and cattle, occupy most of the land in Australian agriculture. Sheep are found in New South Wales, Western Australia and Victoria.
Approximately ninety percent of all cattle are used to produce beef. Queensland and New South Wales are the main beef cattle producers in Australia.
Most dairy cattle nakoditsya in the southern regions of the country, mainly in Victoria.
Wheat and other grains are equally distributed in New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia and Queensland.
The main harvest of sugar beet falls on Queensland and New South Wales.
Fruit cultivation is common in all Australian territories, as well as the cultivation of vegetables.
Drought and other effects of the Australian climate
One of Australia’s most famous poems, called “My Country,” by Dorothea McKellaire, contains the lines “land … rains, floods and droughts …” For many people, these are warnings about the difficulties that farmers face in Australia.
Australia is the driest inhabited continent in the world; only Antarctica has less precipitation. Large tracts of land everywhere in inland Australia are prone to drought, which can last for several years.
Irrigation is a very important factor in creating agriculture that is viable in the interior of the mainland. Extensive irrigation systems, such as the Snow Scheme, have been established so that water is brought into the country for agriculture. Water is also obtained by drilling wells and storing them in dams on farms.
Australian soils need fertilizer containing superfootvat and nitrogen. Farmers also face difficulties in dealing with soil erosion and salinity.
Many cities and settlements in Australia have annual agricultural exhibitions. In these events, exhibitors representing rural producers, organizations and companies introduce people living in cities to rural life and agricultural production.
The Sydney Royal Esther Shoo is the largest annual agricultural exhibition in Australia, as well as The Royal Melbourne Shoo, are the most anticipated exhibitions of Victoria. Every year hundreds of thousands of people come to each of these exhibitions.
Sustained popularity of agricultural exhibitions –
This is evidence that farms and rural societies continue to play a huge role in the life of Australia.
The importance of technology in Australian agriculture
Technology is having a huge impact on agriculture in Australia. Scientific and technological progress has helped make Australian farmers among the world’s leaders in efficiency and productivity.
During the 1800s, agriculture mainly used manual labor, along with horses and oxen. Today, a strong and technologically advanced machine replaced most of the labor of man and the labor of animals in agriculture.
Multi-Australian inventions and technological advances helped expand agriculture in the early twentieth century. Inventions such as the “jumping over the stump” plow, the combine and the “bush mower” helped farmers make the most of the wild Australian environment.
Irrigation advances, such as the discovery and use of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin and the development of irrigation, have helped provide much-needed water to Australian farmers.
The effectiveness of Australian agriculture has also improved with scientific discoveries in genetics, irrigation and disease control. Drought-resistant varieties of cereal crops were developed. The animals had improved the quality of their meat and wool.
The discovery and introduction of new technologies remains vital for farmers to produce products of excellent quality at a low price. Farmers use satellite technology, discovering more efficient methods of delivering water to where it is needed.
Also in recent years, the use of information technology on farms has been increased. Now most farms have computers and Internet access.
Life on an Australian farm in the 21st century
Despite all the changes over the centuries in Australian agricultural production, today there is still a strong sense of tradition and pride among Australian farmers. While technological and economic factors have a huge impact on rural existence, many of the old-fashioned values of agriculture are as strong as ever for Australian farming families.
Allan Gardy has been engaged in agriculture in the Wimmer area of West Victoria since the 1950s. He and his wife, Pat, grow wheat and maintain a farm called the man, which Allan’s father handed to him. They also grow other crops, such as lentils, which are well suited to the dry conditions of Wimmera agriculture.
Like Australian farmers for decades in front of them, the Gardie family protects nature. Often the only thing separating a good year from a bad year is the good amount of precipitation at the right time.
While some of the tools and methods of agriculture have changed, others have remained the same as before. Allan is as proud of his working dogs as his high-tech farming equipment. An Australian farm dog is a tradition that has remained in modern agriculture because it is still a very effective way to guard and graze sheep and cattle. Working dogs are highly valued, but unlike most pet dogs, they are rarely allowed to stay in the house.
Like many other Australian farmers, the Hardy family is working hard. During harvest, work can continue even at night, using the lighting device on combines.
Despite hardship and hard work, the Gardy family is an active member of the farming community. They are always ready for communication when neighbors, family and friends drop in on them. They regularly play and chat at a local golf club. When Allan celebrated his 70th birthday at a local club, there were a lot of friends and their family members.
As in most farm families in Australia, when the children of Pat and Allan grew up, they began to leave the parents’ farm in the cities to find a prestigious and well-paid job. But their youngest son, Paul, has returned to the farm and is working with Allan now, successfully studying the art of agriculture. Pat and Allan are proud that their son will continue their family tradition of farm management.Read More
Kibbutz is a feature of the state of Israel. Only in this country there are agricultural communes that have universal wealth and equality.
There are several types of kibbutzim. Kibbutzim in Israel are divided into communal, direct kibbutzim, renewed kibbutzim, in which only private socialization of the order, and urban kibbutzim. Changes have occurred in Israeli society, which resulted in changes in the Israeli economy.
All existing kibbutzim in Israel belong to the three main kibbutz areas. The most popular direction is the direction having the name “Kibbutz movement”. This type includes 85% of all kibbutzis of Israel. 19 Israeli kibbutzim have a Zionist-religious direction, and two kibbutz belong to the ultra-orthodox current.
The history of kibbutz creation goes into the middle of the last 20th century. At the same time, like all European and social organizations, as well as ethnic and social interests, there are Jewish states in the country. the ideals of the biblical prophets. It was easy, because in Palestine, during the time of Turkish rule, there was such a society that should be rebuilt, not difficult, because the new could be instituted in a new ideology based on the ideology of the repatriates who arrived in the country.
The emergence of kibbutzim in Israel contributed to the strong influence of the views of A. Gordon, who believed that the revival of the Jewish people, especially in productive, agricultural work. But, all these ideas and their realization were hindered by the elementary lack of land plots that would be suitable for farming, for growing vegetables and fruits. Moreover, the climate and natural difficulties, geographical location – contributed little to the agricultural work. The scarce resources, the hostile Turkish administration and the Arab neighbors, all prevented the realization of ideas. And in order to overcome all these unfavorable conditions, it was necessary to create a completely new and different way of life, as well as to radically change the whole structure of the economy.
The kibbutzis of Israel are based on the principles of sharing and possession of property and all means of production, based on equality as in work. and in consumption, based on equality in social services. The first kibbutz, the first agricultural settlement was created in the early 20th century in 1909. And by the end of the First World War, there were eight kibbutz. At this time, there were approximately 250-300 members of agricultural settlements.
As soon as the Mandate power of Palestine was established after the First World War, and the third Aliyah poured into the country, the kibbutzim began to develop very actively. Numerous repatriates who came from Poland, Russia began to join the already working or began to form new kibbutzim. Moreover, not only agricultural communes were formed, kibbutzim and workers were formed, one of the largest commune workers at that time was the commune – Gdud ha-avoda.
In the 20s of the last century there were already more than a dozen communes, both large and small. Large agricultural communes were communes Bet-Degania-Bet, founded in 1920, Alpha, Geva, which was organized in 1921, Kiryat-Anavim, Heftzi-Ba – founded in 1922, Tel Yosef – was formed in 1921, Ein-Harod, Yagur other. During the years of rule in Eretz Israel, the number of Israeli kibbutzim at that time increased to 176, and the number of people who lived and worked in them was already about 50 thousand people.
After the proclamation and creation of an independent state of Israel in 1948, the growth in the number of new kibbutzim of Israel somewhat decreased. This happened because the main human reserves that replenished kibbutzim, and these are members of the Halucian movement in Europe, were largely destroyed during the Second World War.
Those repatriates who poured into Israel after the proclamation of the sovereign state of Israel in 1948 were mainly from Asia and Africa, as well as people from Europe who survived the Holocaust, but these people were absolutely not inclined to live in communes. Instead of a kibbutz in Israel, new repatriates created agricultural moshavim. But I must say that the number of kibbutzim in Israel grew, now at the expense of young people from Europe and America, as well as at the expense of Israeli youth. According to statistics, in 1983 there were 267 kibbutz in Israel, and at that time more than 70 thousand able-bodied members of the kibbutz lived in them, and about 50 thousand old people and children. At that time, in Israel, the number of kibbutz residents was 3% of the total population of the country.
What is the role played by kibbutzim in the history of Israel? The role of the kibbutz in the creation of statehood in Israel, as it turned out, is very, very great. The main task of the Zionist movement is to create a class of farmers who would be able to provide the Jewish population with all the necessary agricultural products. And the kibbutz of Israel coped with this task perfectly. In a relatively short period of time, new repatriates, new inhabitants of the kibbutz, only a part who underwent special education and training in training farms, created powerful highly productive agriculture in Israel, which in terms of productivity and product quality is not inferior to countries with a developed centuries-old tradition of agriculture.
Considering the development of kibbutzim and agriculture in Israel, in which climatic and natural conditions, you simply wonder how developed Israel’s agriculture is. And the first settlers had to start in tents, they also lived in wooden barracks, they ate very little and scarcely. The difficult working and living conditions were aggravated by the various diseases that the members of Israel’s kibbutzim were subjected to, and malaria was the most severe. The unstable political situation, unfriendly relations with the Arabs-neighbors also hindered the development of kibbutzim. However, despite all sorts of obstacles on the part of nature, politics, the human factor, the unity of kibbutz members, their dedication, support at a difficult moment, as well as the planned conduct of work, helped to endure the difficulties and get out of them with the least losses.
What do we know about Australia? Of course, the first associations with this country are numerous kangaroos, jumping on incredible expanses, crocodiles, surfing, the Sydney Opera House, the endless ocean, the heat and the aborigines.
In fact, deciding to visit Australia, we must not forget that this is the only state on our “Blue Planet”, which occupies an entire continent! Of course, the continent is smaller than Eurasia, but still! So try to see all of Australia for the week – at least naive. Only a walk through Sydney will take several days, and the Great Barrier Reef can be explored for months and never cease to be surprised.
First of all, we advise you to decide what interests you more – modern Australian cities or the nature of the Green Continent? In the first case, Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane are waiting for you, and in the second – remote corners, islands, reefs, mountains, rivers and lakes.
We remind you that in the Southern Hemisphere the opposite is true and the Australian New Year is a very hot holiday that locals prefer to spend on the beaches. In any case, whenever you come to Australia, we advise you to take a ride along the Great Ocean Road with its “12 apostles”, visit one of the country’s numerous national parks, see the most beautiful bridge of the continent, the Harbor Bridge, as well as visit Fraser Island.
What to see in Australia?
The most interesting and beautiful places and a brief description.
- Great Barrier Reef
The biggest attraction of Australia. Here there is a lesson for everyone. Do you want to watch sharks? You should go to the Great Barrier Reef! Or do you just want to lie on the cleanest beach? Great, there is enough space for everyone! Do you want to rent an expensive hotel room right on the beach? There are such suggestions too! Have you always wanted to master diving? There is no better place to do this. The Great Barrier Reef is surprisingly diverse, attracting both tourists and scientists.
- Sydney Opera House
This is a real calling card of the country. Even those who have never heard anything about Australian sights, must have seen this building against the backdrop of the Gulf of Sydney on postcards and tourist booklets. The building is a sink, a structure that fits perfectly into the landscape, a masterpiece of architectural thought – people call the Sydney Opera House differently.
- The Twelve Apostles
This picturesque group of limestone cliffs is the most frequently visited landmark located on the famous Great Ocean Road in Victoria. Around the Twelve Apostles a tourist center was even built. Travelers on helicopters over the cliffs are popular with travelers. By the way, the “apostles” are not 12, but eight – the ninth cliff collapsed in 2005, unable to withstand the onslaught of the waves.
- Uluru (Ayers Rock)
This is a sacred place for the Australian aborigines, the rock towering above the rest of the area is brick red. Uluru is famous for its ancient rock paintings and caves. Conveniently, the resort town of Yulara and the airport are located nearby, so getting to this amazing attraction is convenient and easy.
- Blue Mountains
These cliffs are not really blue – this effect is given by the gray evaporation from the eucalyptus forests covering them. Part of this area, stretching to the west from the city limits of Sydney, is recognized as a UNESCO object and National Park. Tourists are advised to begin exploring the Blue Mountains from the city of Katoomba, next to which there are waterfalls, caves and other interesting places.
- Harbor Bridge
It is the largest bridge in Sydney and one of the largest arched steel bridges on the planet. Local landmark, the decoration of the urban landscape and a place of attraction for thousands of tourists. Particularly popular are walks along the side arch to the top of the bridge, from where an amazing view of the metropolis opens. To lift you will need the help of an instructor and a special suit with insurance.
- Sydney Tower
The highest building of the city can not fail to attract attention. Sydney Tower has nothing to do with television broadcasts. Here are shops, restaurants and other entertainment facilities. The most acute impressions will be a visit to a retractable viewing platform, which rises above Sydney to a height of 268 meters.
- Kakadu National Park
In fact, this national park was named not by the name of the birds, but in honor of the tribe of the aborigines. Kakadu Park attracts tourists with amazing landscapes and the opportunity to see rare animals, birds and reptiles. Archaeologists are particularly interested in two caves, where they found cave paintings aged about 18 thousand years.
- Great Ocean Road
Visiting Australia and not driving along the most scenic road in the world is a big omission! This is 243 kilometers that stretch along the ocean coast in Victoria. A hiking route is also open along the road. In addition to the Twelve Apostles along the Great Ocean Road, you will meet many interesting things, for example, the Lok-Ard and Grotto Ridge.
- Cape Byron
The easternmost point of the Green Continent, the cape, from where stunning views of the ocean open spaces. Cape Byron, so-called well-known traveler James Cook, is decorated with a snow-white lighthouse, which saved many sailors from shipwreck. The area is very beautiful and therefore attracting many tourists.
- Bondi Beach
This beach is only 10 kilometers from the center of Sydney and annually attracts tens of thousands of people. Here they jog, hold interesting contests and races, they simply sunbathe, swim and surf. A wide strip of white sand and clean ocean waves make Bondi Beach one of the most beautiful on the planet.
- Prison Port Arthur
Few people now remember that in Australia at one time many convicts were exiled. Port Arthur prison, located in Tasmania, was considered one of the most terrible places of detention. The building is perfectly preserved, along with the church and the chapel, so it became a real museum, perfectly demonstrating the conditions in which the convicts lived.
- Queen Victoria House
Today, the British queen does not live in this Gothic building, but the true royal chic is perfectly preserved. The house is located in the business part of Sydney and is a popular, quite modern shopping center. Visit the House of Queen Victoria can be for two reasons – to admire its rich decoration and go shopping.
- St. Paul’s Cathedral in Melbourne
This is the largest Anglican cathedral of Melbourne, a magnificent building, where you can come not only to pray, but also to admire the unique decoration and beautiful architecture. One of the most prominent buildings of the city, famous for its body, which is considered the largest of all built in the XIX century.
- Horizontal waterfalls
A unique natural wonder located in northwestern Australia. Horizontal waterfalls occur only during sufficiently long tidal currents, when powerful water flows pass through narrow settled between picturesque rocks. The spectacle is amazing and fascinating, created by the difference in levels of water flow.
- Stone wave
At least 140 thousand tourists come every year to see this natural wonder. Looking at this rock, it really seems that the wave from the ocean somehow turned out to be in the middle of the land and froze forever. Scientists believe the Stone Wave is a unique rock formation created by nature from granite, just think about it – 60 million years ago!
- Australian Zoo in Queensland
Have you watched animal shows with moderator Stephen Irwin, the famous crocodile hunter? Sure that looked! The Australian Zoo in the city of Queensland is associated with his name, now he is managed by the widow of Irwin. On the territory of the zoo, surprisingly comfortable conditions have been created not only for rare animals, but also for visitors, who have something to be surprised at and enjoy during his visit.
This is probably the most unusual and picturesque state in Australia, located on the same island, in the very south of our planet. Then only Antarctica and the ocean. Among tourists, Tasmania is known for having a yearly regatta from Sydney to Hobart, the main city of Tasmania, as well as races gathering spectators from around the world. The nature of the island is also unique.
- Sandy Island Fraser
Aboriginal people, several thousand of whom lived on this island before the colonization of Australia, simply called it “Paradise”. And this is not surprising. It is incredibly beautiful here, nature has remained virtually untouched and the island located off the east coast of the continent continues to attract tourists. True, to keep intact the amazing “hanging” freshwater lakes, for which Fraser is famous, failed – too many people want to see such exoticism.
- Penguin Parade on Phillip Island
This is a sight that millions of tourists cannot pass by. In fact, thousands of little penguins, who are marching en masse to the ocean waves and returning at sunset, and every day at almost the same time – what could be more interesting! Usually, special tours are organized on Phillip Island, during which they also offer to visit the penguin show and the Koala Nature Reserve.
Australia is one of the largest countries in the world, and its combination of natural wonders and developed cities has attracted tourists for a long time: in 2015, 7,500,000 people visited this country. Snorkelling trips to the Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, watching Hervey Bay whales, visiting the Sydney Opera or cross-country skiing on Mount Hosam, there are many places to explore and activities you can imagine. Australia is a very safe country where crime rates are lower than in the Nordic countries. The main threats in Australia come from an inhospitable nature: dangerous flora and fauna, riptides and natural disasters kill people every year, and they should be taken very seriously. Australia ranks 10 of the 162 safest and most dangerous countries.
Australia is a very safe country. Crime rates are very low, and although very few people can become victims of crime, there is still the danger of petty theft (mostly pickpockets). In big cities, ordinary precautions are taken (for example: do not walk alone in the park at night, don’t leave your bike or phone and camera unattended, and don’t put your wallet in your pocket), and you will most likely not be confronted with any by crimes. The greatest danger in Australia is the danger of nature. First, the high UV Exposure Index throughout Australia, which is associated with a hole in the ozone layer over Australia. Travelers hide with sunscreen at any time (at least 30): otherwise 15 minutes is enough for you to get a burn without protection.
The beaches in Australia are beautiful but dangerous: every year over 55 tourists and locals drowned on one of the Australian beaches, due to huge waves or strong riptides carrying people away from the beach. You should definitely look at the flag before you go sailing and take a look at the official website of Beachesafe for more information about the safety of beaches in Australia. There may be several rare sharks and crocodiles that can attack people near estuaries, tidal rivers, mangroves, or deep-water pools; and jellyfish and irukanzhi are also very dangerous, they are present in tropical waters from November to April.
Fires in the summer are unfortunately known as the bushfires season. Inform yourself before going for a walk or a hike. Also among the dangerous animals there are numerous amphibians, reptiles and insects, which are among the most dangerous in the world: there are six of the most deadly snakes in Australia; and many spiders such as Sidney Voronka or the Red Black Spider are very dangerous. Even the fauna can be dangerous in Australia: Gimpie Bush is a tree that is mainly found in Queensland, which causes severe pain for up to several weeks.
A trip through the remote country of Australia can be dangerous for inexperienced travelers. Some areas of the country, also called “uninhabited areas”, have very limited water supplies, no cellular network or gas stations. It is important to closely monitor your journey.
How to travel safely in Australia
On the territory of the fifth continent, there are five of the seven most venomous spiders, nine out of ten dangerous snakes. In addition, there are insects, sharks and crocodiles. Australians are accustomed to living among such creatures and have adapted to defend themselves against them, and the tourist must constantly be on his guard.
Flora and fauna: beautiful but dangerous
Not all dangerous creatures are aggressive, mostly they are shy and avoid meeting a person. Therefore, do not be afraid to plan a vacation in Australia, especially since tour operators select interesting and safe places to travel. But you should not be careless, because meeting with wild animals on their territory can end in tragedy.
Animals representing the greatest danger for humans:
- They hide in dark places and are drawn to the heat, so all the nooks should be carefully checked. In addition to land snakes, there are poisonous sea snakes.
- Jellyfish Sea wasp, irukandzhi, box – their poison can cause paralysis of the limbs and respiratory failure.
- In the coastal waters are found tiger and great white sharks.
- Illegible in food, therefore they attack a person.
- Marine life. Ramps, octopuses, conical shells, needle fish cause deadly bites.
- Wild mammals. Dingo dogs attack in flocks, cazouars tear their prey with sharp claws, knock a kangaroo with a powerful blow and can inflict deep wounds with claws, and in platypuses there are poisonous thorns on their hind legs.
Insects and Spiders
The first place is shared by spiders and mosquitoes of the Kusaki genus. Next come scorpions and fire ants. Among the spiders, redback, tarantula and black widow stand out, but the most dangerous one is the leukopautinous (Sydney and northern). Mosquitoes carry 4 types of deadly diseases, including: encephalitis and fever. Scorpions infect with a poisonous sting, and fire ants attack the offender with the entire colony and bite, injecting poison, an allergic reaction to which can lead to death. In the best case, the victim gets rid of multiple blisters and edema.
The flora of the fifth continent can also cause harm. There are about two thousand toxic plants throughout the continent. For example, in Queensland, nettle nettle grows, laporteya, the trunk reaches three meters in circumference, and the leaves are covered with hairs that contain formic acid and inject it into the skin when it touches, and its last year’s dry foliage causes spastic reactions in the form of sneezing. In the same region, a giant Mexican Cactus-Cactus grows, with sharp 4-inch needles that can even pierce a car tire.
How to avoid danger when traveling in Australia
The main requirement – do not go with the intended route guide. Tourists are offered traditional tours of Australia, which run through the safest areas. If you have to make a trip to national parks, then you should shoe closed shoes, wear tight pants and strictly adhere to the rules of behavior:
- do not go into dense thickets;
- look under your feet when walking on the grass;
- do not provoke wild animals and snakes;
- Do not swim in random waters, especially in muddy rivers and lakes.
In cities, the main thing is mosquito nets and sprays. In the shoes left behind the threshold, a snake or a spider can climb, for the same reasons it is necessary to close the door. Driving a car at night is dangerous due to the possibility of a collision with a kangaroo or other animals.
You should swim only on the official beaches, on which there is a marking in the form of warning signs and rescuers are on duty. If a sea serpent appeared in the water, then you should try not to move, then it will not attack. In order not to get caught by a shark, it is worth observing the rules and not swimming, if there is at least one coincidence:
- there is a fresh wound on the body;
- the water is turbid and deep (far from the shore);
- schools of fish rushing about randomly;
- Night time;
- Fishermen lure and fish.
Also, you can not swim with pets and decorations, the brilliance of which is akin to the gleam of fish scales, which can attract a shark.
First aid in a dangerous situation
Poisonous bites are not uncommon in Australia, so there is a set of antidotes in any hospital, the main thing is to deliver the victim in 20 minutes, as the poison is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body. To slow down this process, there are rules of first aid for poisonous bites (spiders, snakes, etc.):
- Do not move the affected limb.
- Apply a tight bandage above the bite, slowing down blood flow.
- Secure the immobilized tire.
- Record the time of the bite and dressing.
If a not very dangerous spider has bitten, then it will be enough to attach a cold, but a trip to the doctor is obligatory.
Australia, although it harbors many dangers, but following simple rules of behavior will help avoid trouble, and local residents will readily tell you how to behave in order to maintain health and get pleasant impressions and positive emotions from traveling.
Warnings and hazards
Let’s sum up.
General risk: low
Australia is a very safe country. It ranks 10th out of 162 in the ranking of the safest and most dangerous countries.
Risk of theft: low
In Australia, there is virtually no risk of a pickpocket, except in rare cases in Sydney and Melbourne. Some simple precautions will minimize your chances of theft.
Robbery Risk: Low
Australia is a safe country involving robbery and kidnapping, although in some urban areas it is best to avoid night shifts.
Risk of fraud: low
There are practically no scammers in Australia. But beware of the Golden Ring, fake petitions, groups of teenagers who are acting strangely or trying to distract you, and people offering help with your luggage.
Transport and taxi risk: medium
Public transportation and taxis are generally very safe in Australia, but driving can be dangerous due to wildlife and drunk drivers.
Disaster Risk: High
There are many natural hazards in Australia, from dangerous animals / insects to bush fires, ultraviolet radiation and riptides. Be attentive and study information about the dangers of Australia.
Risk of terrorism: low
Recently, Australia has not been attacked by terrorist attacks.
Risk for female travelers: low
Australia is generally very safe for female travelers and is open to LGBT travelers.Read More
- Australia has three times more kangaroos than people.
- In 1996, the Australian government banned the possession of many types of firearms. The number of armed robberies in eight years of the law has increased by 59 percent.
- Malaria was conquered completely, in the 70s.
- 53 people have died from sharks in Australia over the past 50 years, an average of 1.06 people per year.
- By quality of life, Australia is in the top ten.
- Australian “national” food – Vegemite. Vedzhimayt – it is processed yeast, brown mass with a pungent smell and very salty. Spread on the bread is very thin.
- Another national Australian food is Meat Pie, meat patties in the form of a basket of dough, on top of the basket is also closed with dough. Inside the stuffing with all sorts of additives and spices, very liquid usually. Meat Pies are sold in supermarkets as frozen semi-finished products.
- In Australia, a 50-cent coin at first contained silver for two million dollars.
- Australia is located at very low latitudes. Melbourne, for example, at a latitude of 37.5 ° S – and it is much closer to the equator than the southernmost part of Russia and the Black Sea. And the rest of Australia (except for the island of Tasmania) is even closer to the equator.
- However, do not say that Melbourne is a very hot city. In summer there is 20–30 ° C, and in winter at night +4, in the afternoon + 15 ° C. The weather is very changeable, often windy.
- The sun is very evil, a lot of UV light, it is easy to get burned.
- The largest tram network in the world is in Melbourne, Australia.
- The Australian economy largely rests on gas exports, ores and the government generously share profits. Social assistance is highly developed.
- If you have children, say 4, or better than 5, then the benefits are given so much that, in principle, you can already live without working.
- About 20 million tons of wheat is grown in Australia, about a tonne per person; A significant part goes, of course, for export. A very small percentage of the people are involved in agriculture: 3.6% of the working-age population. Agricultural labor productivity is incredibly high.
- Health care in Australia is rather strange compared to Russia. For example, doctors do not come to the call, even to the child (although the ambulance is, of course, for serious cases). It is necessary to take a sick child and go to the doctor. However, people rarely suffer and live long.
- In Australia, right on the street, you can take household items for free: a microwave oven, a vacuum cleaner, a stereo system, a computer, a printer, chairs, and other furniture. There are a lot of TV sets for different tastes and sizes. People put these things near their home – it means you can pick up. Things are often almost new.
- In Australia, you can sometimes bargain in the store.
- It is necessary to vote in elections, otherwise it is a fine.
- The head of state is the British Queen. On the coins it is depicted. On old coins she is young.
- In the country the prime minister is the main one.
- Also in Australia there is a debate over the new flag – which may not be any more British Union Jack.
- Even in Australia there is the “Flag of the Aborigines,” he recently became the official. Now even at school hangs next to the usual Australian flag.
- They are trying to help the natives here, there are special educational institutions, social assistance.
- Among the natives are many alcoholics, criminals, hooligans.
- The drive is left-hand, and the cars, respectively, are right-hand drive, as in the UK, Ireland and Japan.
- Very good roads.
- Old people often ride on such small wheelbarrows, something between a typewriter and a wheelchair on wheels.
- An immigrant here is perfectly normal, as more than half of Australians are immigrants, or children of immigrants, or grandchildren of immigrants.
- The day of the death of the naturalist Steve Irwin who died tragically in 2006 in Australia is considered a universal day of grief.
- Everyone is very welcoming, everyone is smiling. There are no ethnic conflicts.
- Young people are not bullies.
- Smoke a little and cigarettes are very expensive.
- The vast majority of Australians live in separate houses with a small green area.
- Cars are cheap, insurance is also inexpensive.
- The Australian car company is called Holden, a division of General Motors.
- The price of gasoline often changes, in addition, the price is different on weekends and on weekdays.
- Australian dollar is the same price as the American one.
- Australian money is made of durable plastic film, they have a small transparent window. Australia was the first to make that kind of money.
- There are also coins. The smallest coin is 5 cents.
- Coin 50 cents – large and 12-coal, they are anniversary, with different pictures, often used as a souvenir from Australia.
- Bulbs in the houses are of two types: either screwed as in Russia, or with a bayonet base.
- The voltage in the outlet is 240 V.
- Outlets here are not the same as in Russia / Europe, not the same as in the UK, and not the same as in the USA.
- In the houses there are often sinks with two separate faucets – for hot and for cold, without a mixer. This is a British tradition.
- Houses in Australia are expensive, judging by the report of the organization Housing Affordability Survey – the most inaccessible houses in the world, but much more accessible than in Moscow or St. Petersburg.
- The salary of an engineer or doctor is approximately from 70 to 130 thousand AU $ per year.
- If you rent a house, then the average price for a house for a family is about $ 300 a week, this is in a not very distant decent suburb.
- The price of housing is not very dependent on proximity to the sea. Although many newcomers of course dream of living by the sea, but living there is colder, windy and wet. The price depends more on the proximity to the city, and on the prestige of the region.
- In Australia, cold houses are poorly insulated, and when the street is lower than +15, the house is cool.
- Therefore, many Australians walk right at home in clothes and shoes in winter (in Uggs, for example)
- All houses are covered with ceramic tiles.
- Hot water enters the house from a gas boiler.
- With cats and dogs here strictly, there are no stray animals in the city.
- Australians have long suffered from animals brought here. Either sheep, rabbits, and now huge toads from South America are spreading from the Northeast ever wider and wider, eating all the local small animals, and none of the predators eat these toads – poisonous.
- In Australia, there are feral camels, about 1 million heads. They were once brought here, and they live in the steppe and desert, they run wild.
- Regarding the importation of any seeds, insects, etc., the Australians are very wary. At customs, this is strictly controlled.
- Going to Australia for shopping is pointless – everything is quite expensive and the choice is less than in Europe or the USA.
- Many Australians order items through the US www.amazon.com or similar websites – even with the cost of shipping.
- High quality products.
- Very expensive bananas. After storms and floods in the state of Queensland, the price of bananas rose to 12-14 dollars per kg.
- In stores, products are sold from different countries.
- Public transport is more expensive than in Russia. Although the payment scheme is somewhat different. Here you buy a ticket not for a “bus” or for a “subway”, but for a time: for 2 hours or for the whole day. And it is also necessary to take into account the zone, where you will go. 1st zone – within a radius of 10–12 km from the center, everything further is the second zone.
- If at the bus stop there is a disabled person in the seat, then the bus, approaching, descends to such a level that a person can call in without problems.
- Trains that travel in the city and suburbs are called “Metro”, but they do not go underground, only on the surface. They go about once every 20 minutes, according to the schedule.
- If a disabled person in a chair needs to take the train, he must drive to the first door of the first carriage. Then the driver will exit the train and put a special metal ladder between the apron and the car so that you can enter directly into the car.
- Australians are very welcoming, both adults and children. Very popular question “What is your favorite color?”.
- The Australian Government takes great care of the children. Schools are very good, clean, beautiful, with good playgrounds, computers.
- Children spend the same time in schools 5 days a week, every day from 9 am to 3.30 pm.
- Children at school are sitting on the floor. At the table on the chair – only when it is necessary in order to do something, glue for example.
- In schools, changes of varying duration, there is one big change that lasts about an hour.
- Children at school are not allowed to go outside without a hat, due to the active sun. They say “No hat – no play”.
- The school curriculum is not very complicated, there are almost no homework assignments. Therefore, parents often worry that children have little knowledge and if parents want the child to “come to success,” then you need to look for a school with a more serious program.
- Australian Christmas holidays fall in the middle of summer.
- The streets are clean, but only because they clean. If they don’t remove them somewhere, then Australians will quickly shower them all with empty bottles.
- In streams, rivers and reservoirs in the city a lot of garbage. Often seen in the water overgrown with trolley from supermarkets. However, crayfish are found in the creek – it means the water is clean, there is rubbish, but there is no toxic waste.
- On the streets a lot of eucalyptus trees. Eucalyptus is not one type, but hundreds. They tend to have hard bluish leaves with a strong ethereal resinous odor. The leaves are usually narrow, but there are also swell. The fruits of eucalyptus trees are diverse, sometimes interesting: fancy boxes, pipes or jugs.
- Parrots fly right on the street, beautiful, but they scream very loudly. They feed on eucalyptus fruits.
- In the evenings you can often meet huge bats – this is fruit bats, their wingspan is about 70 cm.
- Opossums live in Melbourne. These are marsupial animals the size of a cat. They eat fruit and are active mostly at night. They carry their babies first in the bag and then on the back, very cute.
- Around the city there are many parks with braziers, so that people can grill sausages. The braziers are free, you put the sausages, you press the button, the gas turns on inside, then it automatically turns off after a while.
- Many private and small businesses.
- Business is strongly encouraged here. According to doingbusiness.com, Australia is one of the most convenient countries to do business with.
- In Australia, local producers are encouraged. Many products with a special mark “Made in Australia”.
- Internet is expensive here. It is most advantageous to buy the entire “package” from the provider at once, that is, Internet + phone + cellular + TV + VoIP, it will be about $ 100 a month.
- In Australia, all of the Australian fiber optic network NBN is being built, so the Internet should become cheaper and better in the future.
- Australians tend to have a very relaxed lifestyle.
- In their clothes, Australians are not picky (frayed pants, slippers). Well, in general, since many expatriate clothes all very diverse.
- But for an interview with the employer, it is customary to come in a suit and tie.
- The Australian Parliament Building in Canberra is one of the largest buildings in the southern hemisphere.
- The average age of an Australian bride is 28.9 years and the average age of the groom is 30.9 years.
- 34% of the male population and 32% of the female population of Australia never marry.
- The Australian coat of arms depicts a kangaroo and an emu ostrich. The reason for this was the fact that kangaroos and emus do not have physical features to move backwards, and they can only go forward.
- Australia has one of the highest percentages of urban concentration.
- At the same time, despite the overcrowding of cities, on average Australia has 1 person per square kilometer, thus making up the smallest population in the world.
- According to recent surveys, 22% of the adult population of Australia will never have children, and 16.2% plan to have only one child.
- In 1838, a decree was issued prohibiting swimming on city beaches during the day. This law was valid until 1902.
- The Great Barrier Reef is the longest reef in the world and its length is more than 2010 kilometers.
- Any immigrant, in order to obtain Australian citizenship, must have lived in Australia for at least 2 years.
- Australia – the lowest continent in the world, its average height above sea level is 330 m.
Australia is a sunny continent of antipodes with amazing animals. Diving on the Great Barrier Reef, excursions to Adelaide, Brisbane and Melbourne, the sights of Sydney and Aboriginal villages are all about Australia: visa, photos, tours and maps.
Do you know which globe you can buy in Australia? Inverted, with the South Pole on top. And, by the way, it is no less correct than our traditional one: after all, there is neither top nor bottom in space, and for Australians we are exactly the same antipodes walking upward as they are for us. When you will be there, we advise you to bring a couple of such globes to yourself and your best friend: installed within the line of sight, it perfectly eliminates egocentric errors.
Well, except for a flip-up globe from Australia, you can bring a complete little box of completely unique impressions. What is one monolith of Uluru, blood-red in the rays of the day sun and acquiring a completely extraterrestrial view at sunset! Then you should see with your own eyes endless BBB archipelagoes with some desperate tumult of underwater life, wide beaches with postcard waves for surfers, lively koala plush toys, and finally, platypuses are irrefutable evidence of God’s sense of humor (you will understand this when you will see these animals yourself).
Add to this recognizable silhouettes of attractions such as the Sydney Opera House and the Harbor Bridge, a bunch of interesting things that you can take with you, including aboriginal exoticism, and ease of communication with local people: basic English will be quite enough for this trevelling. “Ossi, I’m Coming!” we exclaimed and thoroughly studied the Southern Continent for you.
Regions and resorts of Australia
The capital of Australia is Canberra, the political center of the country: the Australian government sits in the masthead building of Parliament. Canberra is cozy and green: there are no factories here, but there are many parks, memorials and museums. In Sydney, tourists are attracted to famous attractions (from the opera house to the Harbor Bridge), Paddington boutiques and Bondi Beach beaches. Other major cities are also good for excursions: many-sided Melbourne, hospitable Brisbane. And in Adelaide, Cairns and Perth, it is nice to combine cultural recreation with relaxation on the seashore.
The most popular beach resorts are the Gold Coast with fashionable, party and family zones and the Great Barrier Reef – a spill of beautiful islands in the Coral Sea. The center of the country is covered in red desert, where there is a Grand Canyon – the sacred mountain of Uluru, or Ayers Rock. In the north, adjacent to the aboriginal settlements, there are numerous national parks. One of the best places to explore authentic nature and culture is Darwin with historic buildings and amazing landscapes. All the details about the cities and resorts of Australia – on the page “Subtleties of tourism.”
Australia’s climate varies greatly by region. In the north, the climate is tropical, in the south – temperate. The hottest time of the year is from November to January, when the temperature throughout the country is from +20 to +32 ° C, and in the central regions it reaches +38 … + 42 ° C. In this case, after 1.5-2 hours after sunset, it can become cold by 10-12 degrees. It is relatively cold in June-August, at this time the temperature does not rise above +15 … + 18 ° C, and in the temperate zone it sometimes drops to 0 ° C, it often rains.
The best time to visit the Gold Coast is the Australian summer (Russian winter). In June-August a big wave rises there, strong winds blow and it rains. At this time it is better to swim and sunbathe on the BBR. See also the current weather forecast for the main Australian resorts and in the cities for the coming days.
Visa and customs
To visit Australia, citizens of Russia and the CIS need to apply for a visa and insurance for the entire duration of their trip.
Cash in the amount of 10,000 AUD or more (or an equivalent amount in another currency) must be declared upon arrival and upon departure. Prohibited the importation of food, drugs, materials of animal and vegetable origin, firearms, weapons and ammunition, the inhabitants of wildlife or objects made of protected animals, some medical preparations (including substances containing sports stimulants). Prices on the page are as of October 2018.
In personal baggage you can, without paying customs duties and taxes, transport goods in the amount of 900 AUD (or 450 AUD for children under 18). Also, persons over 18 years can import to the country up to 2.25 liters of alcoholic beverages (of any strength), 50 cigarettes or 50 grams of other tobacco products, if all this is in their baggage.
The export of animals and plants, corals, shells, seeds and nuts is prohibited. Without a permit, you can not remove items of historical value, as well as products made of wood, bamboo, leather, bone, feathers of birds, shells and corals.
The Australian equivalent of Tax free is the Tourist Refund Scheme. If the value of goods purchased here exceeds 300 AUD, if you carry them in your hand luggage, you will receive a tax refund (about 12%). To do this, before flying out of the country, a special check issued for the purchase, passport and boarding pass must be presented at the TRS office at the airport. The tax is returned from goods purchased not earlier than 60 days before departure, alcoholic beverages (except wine), tobacco products and things that are fully or partially used in Australia are excluded from the list. The amount due can only be received by bank transfer, the money arrives on the card within 5-7 days.
How can you get to Australia
There are several international aviation hubs in Australia, the largest of which, Kingsford Smith Airport, is located 10 km from the center of Sydney. The road from Russia is a long one: you can get to the green continent only with transfers. The cheapest tickets from Moscow are from Hainan Airlines and China Eastern: 551 USD one way with departure from Sheremetyevo and connections in Beijing (30 hours). Qatari Airlines travels from Domodedovo via Doha, tickets start at $ 720 one way, and travel time starts at 22 hours and 40 minutes. The fastest route is offered by Singapore Airlines: 18 hours 45 minutes with a transfer in Singapore for 777 USD in one direction.
Flights with two connections are slightly cheaper: Aeroflot, Dzhetstar and Scoot have options for 450 USD one way (transfers – in Phuket and Singapore, 42 hours on the road), Air Asia and Turkish Airlines ”- for 530 USD (it takes 50 hours to get from Vnukovo via Istanbul and Kuala Lumpur).
It is also cheaper to fly from St. Petersburg to Sydney with two transfers: Aeroflot and Dzhetstar are taken from Pulkovo via Moscow and Phuket for 597 USD and 37 hours one way. Flights with one connection – from 872 USD in one direction (Hainan Airlines and China Eastern, 36 hours and 40 minutes via Beijing). You can save your time with the help of Emirates, delivering via Dubai in 22 hours (tickets – from 950 USD one way).
Canberra Airport serves only domestic flights. Aeroflot, Virginia Australia and Dzhetstar have routes from Sheremetyevo from 706 USD one way (connections – in Phuket and Sydney, 40 hours long). With Qantas and Qatar Airways, it is almost twice as fast: 24 hours via Doha and Melbourne, tickets – 860 USD in one direction.
From the Russian capital to Brisbane, it’s more convenient to travel with Thai Airlines: 34 hours via Bangkok for 680 USD each way. It is cheaper to fly from the northern capital with the same carrier in tandem with Turkish Airlines (770 USD one way with connections in Istanbul and Bangkok, 37.5 hours), faster with Belavia and Etihad (24 hours, 950 USD via Minsk and Abu Dhabi).
Traveling over long distances in Australia is most convenient by air. An extensive network of routes covers the entire country, and, besides, competing with each other, local airlines sometimes offer very attractive fares. The key carriers are Jetstar, Qantas, Virgin Australia. Tickets from Sydney to Brisbane cost from 94 AUD, to Canberra – from 138 AUD, to Melbourne – from 108 AUD.
Railway transport in Australia is relatively poorly developed, but despite this, the tickets are not cheap. In the Sydney area, only suburban transportation and tourist routes are well established. Great Southern Rail has the most impressive prices (official website in English): a trip from Adelaide to Darwin will cost from 966 AUD. With NSW TrainLink (official website in English) you can get from Sydney to Melbourne or Brisbane for 81 AUD, to Canberra – for 41 AUD.
Melbourne and Tasmania have a ferry connection. The cost of the crossing is from 130 AUD one way, you can find out the schedule and tariffs on the carrier’s official website (in English).
The cheapest, but also the longest way to travel between cities – buses. The most advantageous to buy travel cards Greyhound (official website in English.), Allowing you to travel on a given route as many times as you like within 30 days. The fare from Adelaide to Alice Springs costs 230 AUD, from Sydney to Brisbane – 140 AUD.
Public transport inside cities
City buses run from 5:00 to 23:00. Travel is paid for with cards that can be bought at kiosks and at stations. Tourists are more profitable to purchase weekly cards (17.50 AUD), suitable for all types of transport and valid from 9:00. In Sydney there is an extensive metro network (from 2.50 AUD per trip), a monorail in the city center (5 AUD) and passenger ferries plying the bay (from 6 AUD).
Taxis are easy to catch on the street or book by phone even late at night; large hotels, central stores and public transport stops have their parking. When ordering a taxi by phone, as well as in the presence of bulky luggage, the fare increases. Tariffs – 3.50-3.60 AUD for landing and 2.50-4 AUD for each km. Transfer from Sydney Airport to the center – 47-57 AUD.
Rent a Car
To rent a car in Australia, you need a driver’s license (either domestic with a translation into English or an international model) and a credit card of any of the most common systems in the world. Sometimes it is possible to rent without a credit card against a cash deposit. The tenant’s driving experience must be at least one year, at least 21 years old for passenger cars and minivans (25 years for all-wheel drive cars) and no more than 75 years.
You can take a car at any airport, train station or bus station. If necessary, the car will be delivered directly to the house. In Australia there is a rental and camper vans, but only for a period of 7 days or more. Rent a standard car in Sydney will cost from 56 AUD, SUV – from 80 AUD per day. In Canberra, prices start from 58 AUD per day for a compact model and reach 122 AUD for a minivan. The cost of gasoline – 1.32 AUD for 1 l.
The movement in the country is left-sided. The use of seat belts is mandatory; special chairs are necessary for children. The roads are modern and in excellent condition. In the center of Sydney, it is better to walk on foot or by taxi: it is almost impossible to park there.
Australia is among the world leaders in the number of personal transport per inhabitant, so that congestion in large cities occur often. The distances between settlements are serious, but it is quite comfortable to move along even, well-groomed highways. Parking costs an average of 3-4 AUD per hour, payment is made through special parking meters accepting coins and bank cards.
Communication and Wi-Fi
The largest Australian mobile operators are Telstra, Vodafone, Virgin Mobile and Optus. Prepaid SIM cards priced from 20-50 AUD are sold in branded salons, almost all packages include free national calls and Internet traffic. The operator Optus has an international My Prepaid Ultimate tariff (30-40 AUD) with calls to Russia at 0.30 AUD per minute. For comparison, Telstra subscribers will pay 5 AUD for negotiations with their homeland over the same period of time.
Not all Australian rural areas are covered by a GSM network, so that in the middle of nowhere you can remain without communication.
There are many payphones on city streets that accept both Telstra’s telephone cards and Telstra phone cards of 5-50 AUD, sold in stores and newsstands. The minimum cost of a call is 0.40-0.60 AUD, international calls are more expensive.
In Australian cities, more and more points with free Wi-Fi appear: you can connect to online coffee shops and eateries, hotels and public institutions. To tell the truth, the connection speed is low, so it is more convenient to use the mobile Internet on prepaid sim cards. Alternative – Internet cafes, providing access to the network for 5-10 AUD per hour.
Hotels in Australia
Hotels in Australia are classified in accordance with international standards, but they have not “stardom”, and classes: 5 * – de luxe, 4,5 * – superior first class, 4 * – first class, 3 * and a half – superior tourist class, 3 * – tourist class. In the rooms there is always a kettle and iron, and the service and decor correspond to the level of hotels. In large cities it is recommended to book the hotel closer to the center. It is there that most of the sights are located, and from the central stations it is easier to go on long excursions.
Most hotels offer accommodation without a guesthouse, breakfasts are extra paid. The system of “all inclusive” in Australia can be found only on the “island-hotels”, where there is no place to eat anyway.
In Sydney, a hostel’s bed will cost from 47 AUD, a double room in a 3 * hotel – from 69-79 AUD, in the fashionable “five” – from 117 AUD per day. The most budget accommodation in Canberra offers hostels with private double rooms for 89-190 AUD per day, the most expensive – five-star hotels: from 240 AUD per night. Accommodation in the “threes” of Brisbane – from 100 AUD, in the “quartet” of Melbourne – from 105 AUD per day.
The voltage in the network is 220-240 V, 50 Hz. Three-pin sockets (so-called “Australian”), but adapters are sold in all stores. In addition, they can be rented at the hotel, leaving a deposit of 15-20 AUD.
Monetary unit of the country – the Australian dollar (AUD), in 1 dollar 100 cents. Actual exchange rate: 1 AUD = 45.44 RUB (1 USD = 1.42 AUD, 1 EUR = 1.59 AUD).
The most convenient way is to take American dollars with you and exchange them at banks, bank branches at the airport or the Singapore Money Exchanges (without commission), Thomas Cook and American Express exchange offices. In the exchange offices of hotels you can find a slightly less favorable exchange rate. Credit cards are accepted in central areas almost everywhere, but in small private shops, especially in the provinces, they are likely to be useless. It is unprofitable to pay with travel checks: banks charge high fees for cashing them.
The country has an extensive ATM network. Banks usually work from Monday to Thursday from 9:30 to 16:00 (until 17:00 on Fridays), Saturday and Sunday are days off. In some states, banks are open on Saturday morning.
Tipping in Australia is optional, but no one will refuse them. In restaurants, people usually leave 5-10% of the bill, in hotels – 1-2 AUD, and paying the taxi driver, you can simply round the amount in a big way.
How to avoid problems
The Australian sun is very active. In the first days of your stay in the country, it is better to avoid direct sunlight, use protective creams and dress in light white cotton clothes (this, by the way, will help you avoid hypothermia in the heavily air-conditioned rooms that are typical of Australia). Sunglasses are recommended at all times of the year. You should swim only on the calmest parts of the coast, this applies to currents and waves. These sections of the coast are marked with green or yellow-red flags. Monochromatic yellow or red flags mean an increased danger – it is better for inexperienced swimmers not to climb into the water.
You should not walk barefoot through the grass and walk in the parks at dusk – in Australia there are poisonous insects and snakes active at night. You should also be extremely careful when dealing with marine life. When traveling to the states of Queensland and the Northern Territory, it is recommended to use mosquito repellents and protective nets: mosquitoes can be the carriers of such dangerous diseases as Dengue fever and Ross fever.
Before traveling to Australia, it is better to be vaccinated against yellow fever, which is carried by insidious mosquitoes. Vaccination against tetanus, typhoid fever, diphtheria and rubella will be useful, although there are no serious threats to health in the country.
In public places, including in all restaurants and cafes, smoking is prohibited. Alcohol consumption is possible only in certain places and at certain time.
Useful phone numbers
- Embassy of Russia in Canberra: 78 Canberra Avenue, Griffith, tel .: (2) 629-590-33, website.
- Consulate General of the Russian Federation in Sydney: 7-9 Fullerton Street, Woollahra, tel .: (2) 936-353-91, 932-617-02.
- Australia’s free call center service — 013, in Sydney (Visitors’ Center) —923-524-24 or 925-517-88.
- Police, fire service, ambulance and other emergency calls – 000 (from any phone, free of charge); from mobile phones – 000 or 112.
Australian beaches are worthy of loud praise: the clear waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, the purest sand, developed infrastructure – all this is the perfect combination for relaxing with pleasure. The most populous areas are concentrated on the Gold Coast near Brisbane. The most fashionable local resort – Main Beach with expensive restaurants and a whole range of marine entertainment. Surfers Paradise fully justifies its name: the best place for the conquerors of the waves simply can not be found. Broad Beach is more democratic: it is quieter, more comfortable and, which is important, cheaper.
Rental centers for umbrellas and loungers – a rarity, the average price per set – 15-25 AUD.
Bondi Beach is the center of Sydney parties: idle resort visitors and celebrities huddle in a small area. Safety is paramount: lifeguards are on duty on the shore, coastal waters are protected from sharks with a special net. One of the most beautiful beaches is Cable Beach in the vicinity of the town of Broome with snow-white sand and azure water, almost always warmed up to +25 ° C. But it is better to admire the virgin nature on the islands of the Great Barrier Reef: Lizard, Whitsunday and other beauties seem to have left idyllic postcards.
The conquerors of the waves have long considered Australia their second home: only here you can ride on the board at once through two oceans – the Pacific and the Indian. Surfers pile on the southeastern and southern coasts of the continent. Popular destinations are the Gold Coast (the Snapper-Rocks waves are the longest on the planet), Cape Bellarin in Victoria, the beaches of Cape Fleurier in South Australia, Trigg Island near Perth and the beaches of Tasmania Hobart. However, you can surf in Australian and not leaving far from civilization: beautiful waves are caught on the coast of Sydney. Numerous surf schools and a lot of specialized shops work there.
A one-day surf course costs from 70 AUD, a three-day intensive course with lectures, group and individual practical classes – from 300 AUD. Some schools offer two-week packages with accommodation in campsites and daily skating on a board under the supervision of an instructor for the 2500-3500 AUD.
Diving in Australia is a must-have item for everyone who collects vivid impressions. Here both beginners and pros dive, enjoying underwater beauty regardless of the season: if the coast of Cairns from October to May teems with poisonous jellyfish, then around the islands of the Great Barrier Reef is safe all year round. It is these scenic spots that attract divers from all over the world: turtles, stingrays, groupers, nautilus, moray eels, hermit crabs, rare species of sharks and octopuses are found here. Underwater visibility is 10-30 m, the most popular locations are Lizard Islands, Whitsunday, Hyman and Hamilton. In the west, the Ningalu Reef is famous, in the south – the Dangerous Reef. The cost of diving with an instructor in the open sea – 150-300 AUD, integrated coastal courses cost 600-700 AUD.
Australia’s business card is precious and semiprecious stones: opals, sapphires, pink diamonds (they are mined only here), pearls. In addition, of course, crafts Aboriginal: the inevitable boomerangs, little things made of wood, earthenware. We also recommend you to pay attention to products made of sheep wool and crocodile leather: sweaters, hats, scarves and other warm accessories, raincoats, hats, shoes and belts.
Gourmets should grab a package of Australian herbal tea, a jar of fruit jam (for example, from cockatoo plums) and spices: mint, anise myrtle, etc. Coffee that is grown in Byron Bay is very popular, King Island cheese is also popular among tourists. Eucalyptus oil and Varan oil will help to overcome the northern ailments, and various products of Australian manufacturers of natural cosmetics, such as soaps, creams and balms, will help preserve the health of the skin. And of course, do not forget about the real uggs – authentic sheepskin boots on a flexible sole.
Sales in Australia are traditionally held twice a year: in June and after the Catholic Christmas. Promotions are often arranged when opening or closing stores: bright signs on the shop windows signal the sale of sales people. Sydney, Melbourne and other megalopolises have outletlets with products of international brands at reduced prices. In small private shops you can also run into discounts at any time of the year.
Mode of operation of stores in different states is different. As a rule, large stores are open from 9:00 to 17:30 on weekdays and from 9:00 to 17:00 on Saturdays. One day a week (Thursday or Friday) they close at 21:00. Some outlets operate on Sunday from 10:00 to 16:00. In large cities there are markets where you can buy almost everything: from food and clothing to souvenirs.
Australian cuisine and restaurants
The main national dish of Australia – fried meat. Everything else – seafood and poultry, exotic fruits and local cheeses – serve only as a kind of complement. A selection of delicacies: shark lips, crocodile meat, opossum fillets, blue crab meat and freshwater oysters. In the country, Asian cuisine with its extremes is popular: the product is either consumed almost raw, or, on the contrary, is processed beyond recognition.
Authentic Australian dessert – “lamington”, doused with chocolate and sprinkled with coconut crumb sponge cake. Local wines are not inferior in quality to the best European varieties, and some beers are even exported to many countries. To get acquainted with the Australian cuisine in all its manifestations, true gourmets will have to travel all over the country: each state has its own signature dish.
On the plantations of Cairns, called “the cup of exotic fruits,” tropical trees from around the world grow and abundantly bear fruit. Here you can taste delicious mangoes, pineapples, bananas, lychee and po.
In Australia, there are establishments operating under the BYO system (bring your own): they do not have a license to trade in alcohol, and therefore visitors are allowed to bring a bottle or two of wine or beer with them. True, the pleasure is not entirely free: you have to pay 2-15 AUD of “cork collection” for each container, but it still comes out cheaper than buying alcohol in a restaurant. Asian eateries are open in major cities, offering generous portions of Indian, Chinese and Japanese hits. Traditional English pubs with meat and beer, as well as vegan and vegetarian places are popular. Snacking in fast food costs 10-15 AUD, lunch in a cafe – at 25-30 AUD per person, dinner at a restaurant with alcohol – 150-160 AUD for two.
Entertainment and Attractions
For most overseas tourists, Australia is an unexplored continent: imagination draws pictures of endless spaces along which kangaroos and koalas randomly move. Well, to some extent this is true: the expanses are really endless and very picturesque, and in honor of funny marsupials even an entire island is named (although there are snow-white beaches, bizarre rocks, and even mini -desert). But the sights in Australia are much more: the original urban architecture, museums and natural wonders deserve the most careful study.
The richest in tourist locations is tireless Sydney. It is easily recognizable by the wavelike arches of the opera house, resembling either a frigate under sail, or a white stone lotus. This city is also recognizable by the iron beams of the Harbor Bridge: locals jokingly nicknamed the world’s largest metal arch “coat rack”. By the edge of the 305-meter TV tower, which offers a magnificent view of the city. And here there is a giant aquarium and Paddington and Belmeyr quarters with festive Victorian architecture.
Canberra has the impressive Parliament building with a mast on its top, the Australian War Memorial with a sculpture garden, Black Mountain Hill with a television tower and the best viewing platform in the city, as well as the National Gallery with a rich collection of Australian art. Acquaintance with Melbourne should start on Federation Square, and then enjoy the dizzying view from the Eureka skyscraper, stroll through the Royal Garden, go to the zoo and tickle your nerves in the Old Prison covered with grim legends.
Darwin is an excellent place to study Aboriginal culture: the Museum of the Northern Territory exhibits vivid examples of folk art, and rock paintings of primitive people are preserved in the surrounding Ubir and Nolanji mountains.
Australia’s abundant wealth is concentrated not only in the cities, but also beyond. The Great Barrier Reef, an immense system of 900 islands and 2,900 individual reefs in the Coral Sea, is ideal for excursions, diving and relaxing on exotic beaches. The red rock of Ayers Rock once served as a place of worship for the aborigines, and today it is impressive in scope and atmosphere: for miles around there is only a ringing silence. Cape Byron, discovered by James Cook, is recognizable thanks to the snow-white lighthouse and incredible sea view. And along the Great Ocean Road, limestone columns jutting out from the sea lined up – the 12 Apostles of Victoria, guarding perhaps the most beautiful Australian coast.
9 things to do in Australia
- See the famous Opera in Sydney with your own eyes.
- Visit the Ayers Rock monolith, which at sunset looks at least Martian.
- Do traditional Australian bangui jumping and zorbing to a state of easy disorientation.
- Do not forget about mind-blowing diving at the BBB.
- Look at one or two of the national park.
- Buy a dozen or two boomerangs from the Bushmen.
- In Tasmania, go through the “convict trail” and trace the history of almost every prisoner who once served his time in the famous prison on the island.
- Well, turn to the beach for a day or two, yes. If time remains.
- Add in confidence: the first thing that every new guest from the Northern Hemisphere does in this country is checking which way the water in the sink is spinning.
Australia is called the land of contrasts, promising its guests unforgettable impressions and truly exciting adventures. It is for them that the travelers go to the national parks – full possession of nature, striking a riot of colors, a variety of landscapes and the grandeur of landscapes. Modern megacities peacefully coexist with deserts and dense forests, farms. It is in this continental state that the endemics are represented – koala, kangaroo, emu, and platypus.
The Blue Mountains is a unique natural reserve listed as a UNESCO. Covered with eucalyptus forests, the mountains here from a distance really seem blue. Daintree Reserve is one of the oldest natural parks. In this primeval forest, you can see a variety of animals, including the glowing green frog, possum and glowing mushrooms growing on tree trunks.
Kakadu National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the most wilderness spots in Australia. He is in the management of the Australian Aboriginal and preserved in its original form. Even closer to get acquainted with the centuries-old Aboriginal culture can be in the national park “Namaji” – on its territory people have been living for more than 21 thousand years. Rare animals with intriguing names live here: a wide-toothed rat, a false toad and a marble gadops.
Hunter Valley, located 180 km from Sydney, is famous among lovers of good wine. Sandy slopes and a special microclimate here create excellent conditions for the best Australian vineyards. Canberra National Park, Black Mountain and Eucalyptus Grove also deserve attention.
Holidays and events in Australia
In January, the famous Festival of the city with dances, booze and other indispensable attributes of the holiday takes place in Sydney. And on the last Monday of January, the whole country celebrates Australia Day. In February, they organize a shocking festival of sexual minorities “Mardi Gras”. The second Monday of June is the Queen’s Birthday, and in August they celebrate an unusual and very funny holiday – Darwin Beer Regatta. During it passes a whole series of races of watercrafts built entirely from beer cans and barrels.Read More